If you have heard the name of the Elamites and are a little familiar with this ancient civilization and its history, then you must have heard the name of Chaghazanbil or even seen it. The area of Chaghazanbil is actually a city left over from the Elamite period, which has an area of 100 hectares. Chaghazanbil Ziggurat or Chaghazanbil Temple is a suitable, amazing, landmark and the most important remaining building of this ancient city. This city was built in the second half of the second millennium BC by the order of one of the most powerful Elamite kings and was destroyed in 640 BC by the order of Ashur Bani Pal, the king of the Assyrians in the war with Humban Haltash, the last king of Elam.
The mystery of naming
When Chaghazanbil was discovered and before the scientific and archeological excavations of this area, a large hill like a basket had been turned, that’s why it was known by the local name of Chaghazanbil. This name is composed of two words “Chogha” which is called hill in Lori language and “Zanbil” which means basket; But the original name of this place is “Al Untash” in Elamite language and “Dur Untash” in Akkadian language based on the inscriptions and brick inscriptions obtained from this site. In the same inscriptions, it is stated that this city was built during the height of the glory of Elam by order of Ontash Napirisha, one of the powerful kings of this empire; For this reason, it was called El Untash, which means the city or the fortress of Untash.